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All About Kerela

Static Gk plays an important role in UPSC, SSC,  BANK and Other State Level Government Exams and In this article, I’m talking about Important Points related to the Kerela State of India like its Formation, Capitals, Districts, CM, Governer, Language, National parks and Kerela Heritage sites Etc.

ALL ABOUT KERELA

State Formation – 1 November 1956

Capital– Thiruvananthapuram

Number of District 14

Governor Arif Mohammad Khan

Chief Minister– Pinarayi Vijayan

High court– Kerala High Court, Kochi

Chief Justice– S. Manikumar (Took oath on 11 October 2019)

Members of the Legislative Assembly– 144

Lok Sabha Seats – 20

Rajya Sabha Seats – 9


Boundaries

It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west.


State Symbols

State Animal – Indian Elephant

State Bird– Great Hornbill

State Flower– Kanikonna

State TreeCoconut Tree


History of Kerala

  • The Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala.
  • It is the home to the Mysore dynasty ruled by Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan who fought four decisive battles (Anglo – British Wars) with British
  • Travancore State ( Old name of Kerala) was formed on 1 July 1949 which was later renamed as Kerala.
  • Under the States Reorganization Act of 1956, Travancore, Cochin, and Malabar states were united to form the state of Kerala on 1 Nov 1956.

Geography

Geographically Kerala is divided into three major tourist regions

1. Malabar (Northern Kerala)

2. Kochi (Central Kerala)

3. Travancore (Southern Kerala)

  • Kerala experiences a humid tropical rainforest climate with some cyclones.
  • The state has a coast of 590 km.
  • Anamudi in the Idukki district is the highest peak in south India, is at an elevation of 2,695 m (8,842 ft).
  • Kerala has 44 rivers out of which 41 flows westwards while the remaining 3 flows to east. Periyar, Pamba, Pamba, Chaliyar, Kalada, Muvatupuzha, etc flows westwards while Pambar, Bhawani and Kabani flow to the east.
  • The 2016 Kerala 16th Legislative Assembly election was held on 16 May 2016 to elect 140 MLAs to the Kerala Legislative Assembly.
  • The result was declared on 19 May 2016.
  • The Left Democratic Front (LDF) won the election, defeating the incumbent United Democratic Front (UDF), led by the Indian National Congress (INC), which could only win 47 seats in the election.

Major Dams

  • Idukki-dam- Idukki Dam stands between the two mountains and one of the highest arch dams in Asia.
  • Malampuzha Dam- Malampuzha Dam is located on the foothills of the Western Ghats and is the largest reservoir in Kerala state.
  • Parambikulam Dam- Parambikulam Dam is the top ten embankment dams in the world and ranks number one in India. This embankment dam is built across the Parambikulam river and located in the Palakkad district in the Western Ghats.
  • Neyyar Dam- Neyyar Dam on the Neyyar River is a gravity dam, located on the foot of the Western Ghats in Thiruvananthapuram district.
  • Kakkayam Dam- Kakkayam Dam is the most picturesque dam site in Kerala and listed as one of the best hydel tourism destinations in the state.
  • Pazhassi Dam- Pazhassi Dam or Kulur Barrage is a stone masonry structure dam constructed over the Valapattanam river in Kannur district.
  • Banasura Sagar Dam- Banasura Sagar Dam in Wayanad District of Kerala is home to the only floating solar power plant in India, The dam is the largest earth dam in India and the reservoir submerged the surrounding areas of Banasura Hill.

General Facts

  • The first two literate Municipal Town Kottayam and district Ernakulam in India are in Kerala.
  • Ernakulam also became India’s first Bachat (Savings) district.
  • Kerala has the highest sex ratio, lowest population growth rate, highest literacy rate, highest life expectancy and the highest Human Development Index (HDI) among the other states in India.
  • Kerala is the only state which has the highest Human Development Index (HDI of 0.79). It has the highest literacy rate of 94 %, the highest sex ratio of 1024 and the highest life expectancy of 77 years. It is also the least corrupt Indian state as per the Transparency International survey.
  • Sabrimala (abode of Lord Ayyappan) is famous pilgrimage.
  • Kalady in Ernakulam District is the birthplace of Sri Sankaracharya.
  • E M S Namboodiripad headed (as Chief Minister) the World’s first democratically elected communist government. Kochi (Cochin) the major port is also known as “Queen of Arabian Sea”.
  • Kerala was promoted and called by the tourism department as “God’s own Country“
  • It accounts for 91 % of India’s rubber, 35 % of coconut, 60 % of tapioca, 32 % of paddy, tea, coffee, plantain, areca nut and almost 100 % of lemongrass oil.
  • Kerala is the largest producer of other crops like banana, ginger, tea, and coffee.
  • India is the world’s 4th largest natural rubber producer country of which Kerala accounts for more than 91%.
  • With newspapers publishing in nine languages, Kerala has the highest media exposure in India.
  • The word ‘Kerala’ was first recorded in a 3rd-century BCE rock inscription (Rock Edict 2) left by Mauryan emperor Ashoka.
  • The pivot of medication in Kerala is Ayurveda. Kerala is home to the world’s first Ayurvedic Resort Somatheeram, south of the Kovalam beach. National Highway 47A, also known as NH 47A, is the shortest highway in the Indian Highway network. It covers a distance of 6 km (3.7 mi) between Kundannoor and Willingdon Island in Kochi, Kerala
  • The world’s first Teak Plantation was in Kerala, built by the British.
  • World’s Only Teak Museum is in Nilambur, Kerala.
  • Kerala’s Padmanabhaswamy temple is the richest Hindu temple in the world.
  • Kerala is often termed as the Spice Capital of the world. In fact, it has been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. It’s also referred to as the “Garden of Spices” or the “Spice Garden of India.”

Festivals of Kerala

  • Onam
  • Vishu
  • Thiruvathira Karthigai
  • Sabarimala Temple Festival
  • Guvayooor Ekadashi
  • Swathi Sangeethotsavam
  • Vetta & Arattu
  • Thrissur Pooram Nehru Trophy Boat Race

Important National Park in Kerala

  • Anamudi Shola National Park
  • Eravikulam National Park
  • Mathikettan Shola National Park
  • Pambadum Shola National Park
  • Periyar National Park
  • Silent Valley National Park

Important Wildlife Sanctuaries in Kerala-

  • Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Chulannur Peafowl Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Kottiyoor Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Thattekad Bird Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Famous Places of Kerala

  • Pallakad Fort
  • Napier Museum
  • Koyikkal Palace
  • Koder House
  • Krishna Menon Museum
  • Thalassery Fort

Backwaters in Kerala

  • Alapuzha
  • Kollam Veli
  • Kochi
  • Kumarakom

Lakes in Kerala

  • Vembanad
  • Kayamakulam
  • Ashtamudi

Geographical indications (GI) of Kerala

  • Aranmula Kannadi
  • Alleppey Coir
  • Navara Rice
  • Palakkadan Matta Rice
  • Malabar Pepper
  • Tirur betel leaf

Unesco World Heritage Sites In Kerala

Western Ghats

The Western Ghats, also known as the Sahyadri Mountains, a mountain range along the western side of India and one of the world’s ten “Hottest biodiversity hotspots”. A total of thirty-nine properties (including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and reserve forests) were designated as World Heritage Sites – twenty in the state of Kerala, ten in Karnataka, five in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra.


Famous persons of Kerala

  • Sree Narayana Guru- Great Saint of India
  • Vaikom Muhammad Basheer- Famous Writer
  • Kocheril Raman Narayanan- Former President of India
  • PT Usha- Athlete
  • Dr. Verghese Kurien- Father of the white revolution
  • P. Krishna Pillai- One of the first freedom fighters of Kerala
  • Arundhati Roy- writer awarded the Booker Prize in 1997 for The God of Small Things, located in Kerala. Born in Kerala

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